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Franz von Papen , born Oct. The scion of a wealthy Catholic landowning family, Papen began his career as a professional soldier. Until the end of the war, he served as chief of staff of the Fourth Turkish Army in Palestine.
Returning after the war to Germany , Papen, a monarchist, decided to enter politics. From to , he was a deputy in the Prussian Landtag state parliament and belonged to the ultraright wing of the Catholic Centre Party.
Though he had certain links with German monarchists, former aristocrats, big business circles, and the German army, Papen himself had no political following. His elevation to the chancellorship June 1, , engineered by Pres. Kurt von Schleicher , came as a complete surprise to the public. Papen established a rightist authoritarian government without a political base or voting majority in the Reichstag.
Hitler, however, who wanted to rule Germany himself, remained in opposition. Papen thereupon resigned and was on December 4 succeeded as chancellor by Schleicher. Incensed at his ouster and determined to gain revenge on Schleicher, Papen came to terms with Hitler Jan. As vice chancellor, Papen, whose fellow non-Nazi nationalists received a majority of the ministerial posts, naively thought he could restrain the Nazis. Though he soon realized how mistaken he had been, he continued to serve Hitler.
He was then sent as ambassador to Austria —38 , for whose annexation to Germany he worked. He eventually became ambassador to Turkey —44 , where he attempted to keep that country out of an alliance with the Allies.
Papen was arrested by the Allies in April and placed on trial as a war criminal. Franz von Papen. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback.
Thank you for your feedback. Read More on This Topic. Schleicher secured Nazi tolerance Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Schleicher secured Nazi tolerance for his new nominee, Franz von Papen , on the condition that the ban be lifted and new elections be held….
Desperate to find a base in parliament, Papen called for Reichstag elections in July. The result was a disaster for Papen and another triumph for the Nazis, who took 37 percent of the vote, the largest total they were…. Papen, in an attempt to shore up his parliamentary standing, called a snap election in July Papen called another election in November ,….
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Franz Von Papen Memoirs
Felix E. Hirsch, Franz von Papen Memoirs. Translated by Brian Connell. New York: E. Dutton and Company.
Franz von Papen
After being expelled from the United States in , he served as a battalion commander on the Western Front of World War I and finished his war service in the Middle Eastern theatre as a lieutenant colonel. He negotiated the end of reparations at the Lausanne Conference of His failure to secure a base of support in the Reichstag led to his dismissal by Hindenburg and replacement by General Kurt von Schleicher. Determined to return to power, Papen, believing that Hitler could be controlled once he was in the government, persuaded Hindenburg into appointing Hitler as Chancellor and Papen as Vice-Chancellor in in a cabinet ostensibly not under Nazi Party domination.