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Communication Systems Constrained State Esti Artificial intelligenc ROV and remote data ga Issues in Informing Sc Shared Mental Models i Information awareness FCS communications Tec It provides guidance in applying policy, standards, and resources to the processes used to develop and maintain capability planning for C4I systems.
It is recommended that each base chief of staff office CSO develop local procedures for managing local resources. Base supplements can add to but not take away from the Air Force Instruction and major command supplement. This instruction provides a planning process, and establishes procedures and responsibilities for developing, using, maintaining, and implementing C4I capability plans. Glossary of References, Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Terms.
See Attachment 1. Today's command, control, communications, computers and intelligence C4I planners must cope with rapid advancements in technology, proliferation of C4I systems currently in the Air Force inventory, and a wide variety of future C4I options from which to choose.
The C4I capabilities planning process must be automated to enhance system designers' understanding of the functions being performed. C4I planners and system designers can then work with operational planners to ensure C4I systems are effective. Air Force agencies will implement defense information management IM policies, procedures, and standards for modeling and establishing system requirements as described in DoD series Information Management directives.
Implementation includes efforts to support and participate in functional process improvement. It produces graphical representations of processes and data from a chosen view point. Use these models to produce hardware and software solutions to support user requirements.
It is crucial to plan infrastructure requirements as an integral part of the capabilities planning process. Air Force organizations will use models to determine new requirements or upgrades to systems in a way that reduces life-cycle cost, allows reuse of resources, and permits migration to open systems. Real advantages of the models include but are not limited to an ability to accomplish dynamic analysis on "existing" systems and an ability to perform the same dynamic analysis on well-defined proposed systems or software modules , effectively a fly-before-you-buy capability.
Using a computerized architectural data base of information allows all C4I planners and system designers to quickly access and retrieve information. Through the architectural data base, all users have:?
Various ways of looking at C4I data. The ability to do "What If" scenarios. An organized way of incorporating lessons learned. Justified C4I requirements for input to the program objective memorandum process. A methodology to standardize C4I requirements throughout the Air Force. This process Figure 1. This architectural data base is then available for C4I personnel to identify capability shortfalls or to check impacts caused by resource or mission changes.
The process results in identifying excess systems, generating justified C4I requirements see AFIs , Mission Needs and Operational Requirements Guidance and Procedures formerly AFR , and , Requirements Development and Processing, for requirements processing and simulating technical solutions. This process is iterative with greater detail available through each cycle. This management process has five functions as illustrated in Figure 1. C4I Capabilities Planning Process. In this function, C4I planners develop, manage, and disseminate policies governing the C4I capabilities planning process.
HQ AFC4A is the central point of contact for information and status of projects and related architectural efforts. In addition, the Agency will act as liaison with Air Force and external agencies, and brief selected audiences. In this function, C4I planners select standards and methods for modeling that control the C4I capabilities planning process. They also create the standard data base structures and linkages necessary to store and index data collected and produced.
Plan, Equip, and Train. In this function, C4I planners identify and acquire resources to support capabilities planning. Model and Maintain Current Architecture. In this function, C4I planners develop the current architecture. Data administrators place data elements in architectural data bases for analysis and solution.
Customer Support and Develop Target Architecture. In this function, C4I planners develop and support target architectures based on customers' particular needs. MAJCOMs use the data gathered in the previous function to highlight areas of concern for analysis and solution. MAJCOMs use these solutions to create target architectures and process requirements for implementation of the target architectures.
They also make updates to the current C4I architecture so future efforts can use the information in other target architectures. Roles and Responsibilities. Define the C4I capabilities planning policy and establish and define the planning process. Approve changes to the Air Force C4I capabilities planning process.
Convene an architectural steering group and a colonel-level working group to identify and strategically plan C4I improvement opportunities. Advocate and support C4I architectural development and maintenance. Develop, revise, and maintain this instruction to ensure a viable capabilities planning process, and work with MAJCOMs to develop policy objectives, assign specific tasks, and track timelines and milestones governing the capabilities planning process.
Perform C4I architecture liaison functions with agencies both internal and external to the Air Force, including:? Gather, distribute, and brief information relevant to the C4I architecture process to groups inside and outside the Air Force. Advocate C4I policies and positions to agencies outside the Air Force. Select modeling and C4I standards for the capabilities planning process. Select standards and tools to use for modeling, interoperability testing and certification, technical solutions, simulation and analysis.
This includes helping to develop an implementation plan and identifying training requirements for modeling and simulation. Perform Air Force data administration to identify Air Force standard data elements. Update and maintain data in the C4I architectural data base to include functional and physical models, logical data models, standard data elements, and architecture changes for which HQ AFC4A is responsible.
Use the C4I architectural data base to answer customer requests for information. Assist customers in highlighting or identifying problems for analysis. Assist MAJCOMs in the use of analysis and simulation results to develop technical solutions, and update the C4I architecture in the architectural data base. Lead commands will Develop and maintain four major force C4I architectures Figure 2.
HQ ACC will:? Develop and maintain the C4I combat operations architecture, which provides C4I support for theater battle management, tactical and capabilities command and control C2 , intelligence, theater missile defense, and relationship to non-theater C2 centers. HQ AMC will:? Develop and maintain the space architecture, which provides C4I support for space infrastructure, existing space assets, and maintenance of space launch capabilities.
AFSOC will:? Develop and maintain the special operations architecture, which provides C4I support for special operations. Major Force Architecture Development. Provide resources in support of the C4I capabilities planning process. Develop an implementation plan for collecting and modeling data.
Assign personnel, purchase equipment and services to perform required tasks. Create and maintain functional models describing organizational relationships and processes. From the functional models, create and maintain logical data models for use in physical modeling and data administration. Create and maintain physical models of C4I hardware and software. Maintain the MAJCOM portion of the C4I architecture to include functional and physical models, logical data models, standard data elements, and architecture changes.
Develop target architectures. Identify and prioritize C4I improvement opportunities. Evaluate problem areas and simulate possible solutions. Use analysis and simulation results to develop technical solutions, and update their MAJCOM portion of the C4I architecture in the architectural data base. Functional areas, field operating agencies, and supporting agencies Will:? CARL G. A description of all functional activities to be performed to achieve the desired mission, the system elements needed to perform the functions, and the designation of performance levels of those systems.
An architecture also includes information on the technologies, interfaces, and location of functions and is considered an evolving description of an approach to achieving a desired mission. Architectural Data base—The actual data base that will store the data collected and produced by the architecture development process. It contains knowledge about the Air Force C4I enterprise, its goals, entities, records, organizational units, functions, processes, procedures, and application and information engineering.
An architectural data base contains functional and physical models, logical data models, standard data elements and architecture change information used to construct Air Force C4I Architectures.
Command, Control, Communications, and Computer system—Int egr ate d s ys t em of doct r ine, procedures, organizational structure, personnel, equipment, facilities, and communications designed to support a commander's exercise of command and control, through all phases of the operational continuum. C4I Systems—Communications, automated information, or intelligence systems or equipment that assist the commander in planning, directing, and controlling forces. C4I systems consist of hardware, software, personnel, facilities, and procedures and represent the integration of information including data , information processing, and information transfer systems organized to collect, produce, store, display, and disseminate information Source: CJCSI Functional Model—A structured representation of the activities and functions performed by an organization and the information exchanged between them.
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