BIOLOGIA CIENCIA UNICA ERNST MAYR PDF

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The concept of biodiversity and the history of conservation biology: from wilderness preservation to biodiversity conservation. The essay deals with the emergence of the concept of biodiversity and with the rise of conservation biology as a subdiscipline of biology.

It shows the relationship between conservation biology and the activism that develops with the objective of promoting biodiversity conservation. It refers to how, over time, in the field of concerns about the protection of natural heritage, there has been a shift from the notion of preservation of wilderness to the conservation of biodiversity.

Keywords: biodiversity; conservation biology; conservation of biodiversity. Objetiva compreender o debate e o contexto intelectual em que foi formulado o conceito de biodiversidade, para dar conta da diversidade de formas em que a vida se apresenta e se organiza. Foi idealizado por Walter G. MAYR, , p.

Wilson que trazia os resultados do National Forum on BioDiversity. Jenkins, Thomas E. Lovejoy, Lester R. Fisher, J. Daniel H. O livro, de autoria de Robert H. MacArthur e Edward O. Entre eles: Biophilia , de ; The diversity of life , de ; The future of life , de ; e The Creation , de Vale citar o livro de Raymond F. Janzen publicou um artigo chamado Host plants as islands in evolutionary and contemporary times. David Webb, em , publicou Extinction-origination equilibria in late Cenozoic land mammals of North America.

David C. James H. Brown publicou, em , um artigo seminal, Mammals on mountaintops: Nonequilibrium insular biogeography. Estas ideias foram expostas em dois artigos: Biogeographic kinetics: Estimation of relaxation times for avifaunas of Southwest Pacific islands , publicado em em Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences , e The island dilemma : Lessons of modern biogeographic studies for the design of natural reserves , publicado em em Biological Conservation.

A revista em que o artigo de Diamond foi publicado, Biological Conservation , editada na Inglaterra, surgiu em Willis e John Terborgh. Robert M. Cabia avaliar caso a caso. Wilson explica os objetivos do projeto:. Os resultados foram publicados, em , no artigo Relevance of the equilibrium theory of islands biogeography and species-area relations to conservation with a case from Amazonia. Paul R.

A pesquisa de Newmark era simples e bem desenhada. No ano de , com a ajuda de um orientando seu de doutorado, Bruce A. Frankel, um reconhecido geneticista australiano, saiu em Schonewald-Cox, W.

Ele argumentava que, embora as reservas grandes fossem fundamentais, muitas pequenas reservas cumpriam um papel importante. No ano de , os dois publicaram, na revista Biological Conservation , o artigo What do genetics and ecology tell us about the design of nature reserves? Meffe e C. Ronald Carrol, em Reed F. Noss e Allen Y. No ano de , Katrina Brandon, Kent H. Redford e Steven E. Anne E. Orians, em No ano de , Navjot S. Ela enfatiza a autonomia da natureza selvagem, seu aspecto indomado e sublime.

George B. Wilson, foi publicado em pela National Academy Press, Washington. Londrina: E. Rodrigues, Groom, Martha J. Ronald Eds. Principles of Conservation Biology. Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, The size of coral heads and the community biology of associated decapod crustaceans.

Journal of Biogeography , v. Application of island biogeography theory to refuge design: making the right decision for the wrong reasons. Washington, D. Department of Interior, ACOT, Pascal. Rio de Janeiro: Campus, Lessons from Amazonia: The ecology and Conservation of a Fragmented forest.

Yale: Yale University Press, Mammals on mountaintops: Nonequilibrium insular biogeography. American Naturalist , v. Turnover rates in Insular Biogeography: Effect of immigration on extinction. Ecology , v. Ecology and Evolution of Communities. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, The assembly of species communities: Chance or competition. Analysis of simple cave communities, part I: Caves as islands. Evolution , v. Zoogeography: The geographical distribution of animals.

A Different Kind of Country. New York: MacMillan Company, Environmental conservation. Deep Ecology: Living as if nature mattered. Biogeographic kinetics: Estimation of relaxation times for avifaunas of Southwest Pacific islands. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences , v.

The island dilemma: Lessons of modern biogeographic studies for the design of natural reserves. Biological conservation , v.

Science , v. Niche shifts and rediscovery of interspecific competition. American Scientist , v. O Mecanismo da Natureza: O mundo vivo a nossa volta e como funciona.

Biological Conservation. Calculation of immigration and extinction curves from the species-area-distance relation. Subdivision of nature reserves and the maintenance of species diversity.

Nature , v. Minimun Viable Populations: Processes of species extinction. Edited by. Massachusetts: Michigan, Host plants as islands in evolutionary and contemporary times. The Future of Tropical Ecology. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics , v. Wilderness and Conservation Science. American Wilderness: A New History. New York: Oxford University Press, , p. The Theory of Island Biogeography.

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