CARDIORENAL SYNDROME RONCO PDF

The umbrella term CRS was used to identify a disorder of the heart and kidneys whereby acute or chronic dysfunction in one organ may induce acute or chronic dysfunction in the other organ. Different syndromes were identified and classified into five subtypes. Consensus statements concerning epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention, and management strategies are discussed in the paper for each of the syndromes. Cardiac and renal diseases are common and frequently coexist to significantly increase mortality, morbidity, and the complexity and cost of care.

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The term cardiorenal syndrome CRS increasingly has been used without a consistent or well-accepted definition. To include the vast array of interrelated derangements, and to stress the bidirectional nature of heart-kidney interactions, we present a new classification of the CRS with 5 subtypes that reflect the pathophysiology, the time-frame, and the nature of concomitant cardiac and renal dysfunction.

CRS can be generally defined as a pathophysiologic disorder of the heart and kidneys whereby acute or chronic dysfunction of 1 organ may induce acute or chronic dysfunction of the other. Type 1 CRS reflects an abrupt worsening of cardiac function e. Type 2 CRS comprises chronic abnormalities in cardiac function e.

Type 3 CRS consists of an abrupt worsening of renal function e. Type 4 CRS describes a state of chronic kidney disease e. Type 5 CRS reflects a systemic condition e. Biomarkers can contribute to an early diagnosis of CRS and to a timely therapeutic intervention.

The use of this classification can help physicians characterize groups of patients, provides the rationale for specific management strategies, and allows the design of future clinical trials with more accurate selection and stratification of the population under investigation. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable.

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Abstract The term cardiorenal syndrome CRS increasingly has been used without a consistent or well-accepted definition. Comment in The cardiorenal syndrome a classification into 4 groups? J Am Coll Cardiol. PMID: No abstract available.

Tsuruya K, et al. Blood Purif. Epub Nov PMID: Similar articles [Cardiorenal syndrome, current understanding]. Ronco F, Ronco C. Ronco F, et al. Recenti Prog Med.

PMID: Review. The cardiorenal syndrome. Ronco C, et al. Epub Jan Volume overload and cardiorenal syndromes. Ronco C, Maisel A. Congest Heart Fail. Cardiorenal syndromes: definition and classification. Ronco C. Contrib Nephrol.

Epub Apr Orv Hetil. Show more similar articles See all similar articles. Cited by articles Differential effects of inotropes and inodilators on renal function in acute cardiac care. Zima E, et al. Eur Heart J Suppl. Epub May Grossekettler L, et al. BMC Nephrol. Right Heart Failure and Cardiorenal Syndrome.

Tabucanon T, et al. Cardiol Clin. Epub Mar 2. Histamine provides an original vista on cardiorenal syndrome. Tharaux PL. Tsai YL, et al. Sci Rep. Show more "Cited by" articles See all "Cited by" articles. Publication types Review Actions. Chronic Disease Actions. Disease Progression Actions. Female Actions. Heart Function Tests Actions. Humans Actions. Kidney Function Tests Actions. Male Actions. Prognosis Actions. Severity of Illness Index Actions.

Syndrome Actions. Terminology as Topic Actions. Full-text links [x] Elsevier Science. Copy Download.

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Cardiorenal Syndrome: An Overview

The term cardiorenal syndrome CRS increasingly has been used without a consistent or well-accepted definition. To include the vast array of interrelated derangements, and to stress the bidirectional nature of heart-kidney interactions, we present a new classification of the CRS with 5 subtypes that reflect the pathophysiology, the time-frame, and the nature of concomitant cardiac and renal dysfunction. CRS can be generally defined as a pathophysiologic disorder of the heart and kidneys whereby acute or chronic dysfunction of 1 organ may induce acute or chronic dysfunction of the other. Type 1 CRS reflects an abrupt worsening of cardiac function e. Type 2 CRS comprises chronic abnormalities in cardiac function e. Type 3 CRS consists of an abrupt worsening of renal function e. Type 4 CRS describes a state of chronic kidney disease e.

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Cardiorenal Syndrome

It is well established that a large number of patients with acute decompensated heart failure present with various degrees of heart and kidney dysfunction usually primary disease of heart or kidney often involve dysfunction or injury to the other. The term cardiorenal syndrome increasingly had been used without a consistent or well-accepted definition. To include the vast array of interrelated derangements and to stress the bidirectional nature of heart-kidney interactions, a new classification of the cardiorenal syndrome with 5 subtypes that reflect the pathophysiology, the time frame, and the nature of concomitant cardiac and renal dysfunction was proposed. Cardiorenal syndrome can generally be defined as a pathophysiological disorder of the heart and kidneys, in which acute or chronic dysfunction of one organ may induce acute or chronic dysfunction to the other.

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