Honda GL is part of the Goldwing series that offers a number of different models to drive off with. Whether you want something sturdy and large or fast moving, these motorcycles were made to do it all. With use of the Honda GL service manual, you can ensure that you are the one doing all of the repairs, replacements, and service that is needed on the bike. This provides you with everything you need and more when owning this bike. The four generations of Honda GL that were made in the years continued to be improved upon with each and every model that continued to be added.
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The Honda Gold Wing is a series of touring motorcycles manufactured by Honda. Gold Wings feature shaft drive , and a flat engine. Total sales are more than ,, most of them in the U. Over the course of its production history, the Gold Wing had many design changes. The Gold Wing with its flat-four shaft-drive powertrain used technologies both from earlier motorcycle   and automotive designs.
Although preceded by the water-cooled Suzuki GT two-stroke triple,   the Gold Wing was the first Japanese production motorcycle with a water-cooled four-stroke engine. During its development, the CB was known within Honda as their "King of Motorcycles";  so Honda's next big thing would be deemed the "King of Kings". The H-D Electra Glide was a comfortable, high-maintenance and high-vibration motorcycle with a loyal cult following. The Gold Wing's secondary target market was Europe, where riders prioritised handling and performance over luxury.
In , the project team broke from Honda practice  to produce an experimental prototype motorcycle, code-named "M1". Instead of the usual transverse engine layout with a chain final drive, the M1 had a longitudinal engine suitable for shaft drive.
The M1 had a cc liquid-cooled  flat-six engine , twice the displacement of the CB The brainstorming team's M1 project was never intended as a production prototype. Nonetheless, the M1 should be seen as the primordial Gold Wing because so many of its distinctive features appeared on the GL The Project team finally settled on a layout that became the characteristic Gold Wing: a liquid-cooled flat-four SOHC engine, with a gear-driven generator that contra-rotated to counteract the engine's torque reaction.
Final drive was by shaft. Small fairings had been mounted on two of the show models at the US dealer show in Las Vegas. The original cubic centimetres The real fuel tank was under the seat, in order to keep the center of mass as low as possible. There were no significant changes in the standard Gold Wing for the K1 model.
In the third model year K2 Honda began refining the Gold Wing, although the changes for were small, such as exhaust pipe heat shields, revised seat and handlebar, as well as a new fuel gauge. Wire-spoke wheels were replaced with Honda's new ComStar wheels , but the existing tires with inner tubes remained.
Honda sold more than 97, units of the GL in the United States between and After five years of the GL, the second-generation Gold Wing was released in as a model, and the GL would be continued through the model year. The GL was manufactured in Japan until May when Honda started building models at the Marysville Motorcycle Plant in Ohio   which had been making frames and parts for various models since Engines were still being built in Japan, but Honda began to market the machine as being made in America.
Honda responded by increasing the displacement of the Gold Wing, and then followed-up by announcing the first Japanese full-dress tourer. The wheelbase was lengthened over that of the GL, and air suspension was added.
Ridden by Emilio Scotto , the GL is the bike that toured the world. All the Gold Wings had transmission ratios revised again to lower engine rpm at cruising speeds, new brakes with twin-piston calipers and wider tires on smaller wheels.
Transmission gear ratios were revised yet again for the Gold Wings to lessen engine speed on the highway. Cast aluminum eleven-spoke wheels replaced the ComStars. The front suspension was endowed with TRAC anti-dive forks with an integrated fork brace,  and the rear suspension worked even with no air pressure. Honda went beyond the mechanical makeover of the naked Gold Wing in March by releasing the first Japanese turn-key tourer, the Interstate model GLI with a factory-installed full fairing , saddlebags and a removable trunk, plus a long list of optional extras including a stereo system.
Likewise, the saddlebags and trunk were intended to carry the baggage of two people. The GLI '82 model offered more options, such as a new stereo, a channel CB transceiver , and an on-board compressor to adjust the suspension air pressure.
Starting in , Honda offered three different Gold Wing models. The GLA '83 received the same engine and running gear updates of the other models. The Aspencade also got new front and rear brakes, with internally ventilated front discs only , as well as a digital LCD instrument panel and some additional amenities for rider and passenger.
Honda hit back at the Milan motorcycle show late that year by announcing a new Gold Wing that pushed its four-cylinder engine design to its limits. The bored and stroked boxer produced more power and torque; a new final drive ratio gave the GL taller gearing in order to reduce noise and vibration. This led to the decline of aftermarket manufacturers such as the Vetter Fairing Company.
The GL's competitors were becoming more numerous. Last of the big Japanese manufacturers to do so, Suzuki finally entered the marketplace in with their full-dress tourer, the GV Cavalcade with a DOHC , four valves per cylinder, V4 engine.
With three versions of the Gold Wing boxer motor spanning a dozen years, by further development of the flat-four engine was regarded as being constrained by the law of diminishing returns. During the same time period, gear ratios had been raised to decrease engine RPM boosting fuel economy and reducing vibration as well as noise levels which in turn made pulses through the drivetrain seem rougher to the rider because firing intervals were farther apart.
The obvious way to deliver power more smoothly as Irimajiri-san had demonstrated with the M1 engine was to step up from four cylinders to six. Having introduced the full-dress Interstate with the GL, Honda used the GLI '84 to refine the Gold Wing's fairing so that it would come across as a basic part of the bike and not as an afterthought. The new model Interstate still called De Luxe in Europe had an automotive-style instrument panel up front and increased luggage capacity in back: 38 liters 1.
Despite giving the Gold Wing taller gearing the year before, in Honda shortened the overall gearing to improve performance. Unlike the analog instruments of the Interstate, the Aspencade had a dashboard with an LCD digital display.
In Dolby noise reduction was added to the audio system, which was replaced with an improved Panasonic system in In Honda marked the tenth anniversary of the Gold Wing by launching a gold-painted Limited Edition model GLL luxuriously equipped with cruise control, auto-leveling rear suspension, an electronic trip computer and a four-speaker audio system. A new design team began work on the fourth-generation Gold Wing in Honda describes prototype testing as involving sixty developmental stages, and building fifteen different test bikes, including one made from a GL frame coupled with the original M1 engine so that a six-cylinder could be compared to a four-cylinder head-on.
New Gold Wing engine design goals were smoothness, quietness and enormous power. The biggest difference was that the flat-four engine was replaced with a flat-six engine. Honda also enclosed the entire motorcycle in plastic, giving it a seamless appearance. The seat height was lowest yet on a Gold Wing, the passenger back rest and trunk were integrated, and a central mechanism locked the trunk lid and saddlebags.
Rear suspension air pressure was adjusted by an on-board compressor. One major innovation was the addition of a "reverse gear", which was actually a creative use of the electric starter motor linked to the transmission. Because of the size and weight, Honda felt that some people would have problems backing it up. The new Gold Wing had grown in nearly every dimension. For Honda modified the brake discs, and raised the price. Brake discs were modified again in , as were the carbs and camshafts, without a price increase.
The following year, to celebrate the 10th Anniversary of American-made Gold Wings, every bike produced for came with a numbered plaque and anniversary edition insignia. There were three '91 models: Aspencade indicated the regular GL model; the luxurious Special Edition from the year before carried on as the SE model; and the Interstate name denoted a stripped-down model. Beginning in , all GL rocker arms pivoted on needle bearings, and the cruise control was updated to directly read crankshaft speed for enhanced precision.
All models got commemorative emblems, cosmetic changes, a thinner and narrower seat and suspension improvements which reduced ground clearance, contributing to an even lower seat height offsetting the weight gain. Yet another milestone was reached in mid when a Gold Wing Aspencade was the millionth Honda motorcycle made in America to roll off the assembly line at the Marysville Motorcycle Plant. The Valkyrie was the first naked GL since A Gold Wing styling makeover extended to the engine with redesigned valve covers , but no price increase.
The Gold Wings had chrome-plated valve covers , Canadian and American models also had gold-plated 25th Anniversary emblems marking 25 years since the first GL debuted for the model year. The model was the last GL Aspencade model. The original 15th Anniversary Special Edition model had a vented windshield, additional lights, upgraded sound system, two-tone paint with special insignia, adjustable passenger floorboards and adjustable foot pegs as well as foot heaters for the rider.
The GLSE '97 had powertrain updates. More significantly, the export model got an exhaust air-injection system along with carburetor modifications in order to pass Japan's new emission regulations. The GLI '91 model had its weight and price cut by eliminating the reverse gear, cruise-control, the passenger footboards, and by replacing the audio system with a small Kenwood radio.
The seat was lowered by 0. In the Kenwood radio was, in turn, replaced by a new Panasonic watt-per-channel sound system with intercom. As with the other 20th Anniversary models, the cost of a GLI '95 jumped. The last GLI was the model. The GL's extruded aluminium frame, comprising 31 elements barely half the GL's number resulted in an overall weight decrease. Options included ABS braking. The model had further options: an airbag ,  in-dash GPS called Internavi , with audio information provided through the speakers and headset cables, plus a rider "comfort package" comprising saddle heating, heated grips, and adjustable engine-air vents ahead of the driver's foot pegs.
The model year was the last to be produced in the United States, and no model year Gold Wings were produced while manufacturing was transferred to Japan in A revised fairing gave better protection to the rider's legs, with vents channelling warm engine air onto the rider's feet.
For its 6th generation in Honda produced a completely redesigned Gold Wing. Its new robotically-welded frame has a double wishbone front suspension , resembling the Duolever from BMW.
Options include automatic dual clutch transmission with a forward and reverse "walking mode". It had a higher performance engine, based on the GL, in a cruiser -style frame.
The Valkyrie Tourer version had a windshield and saddlebags. A more touring-oriented version was introduced in as the Valkyrie Interstate with a full fairing, saddlebags and trunk. These models were dropped due to slow sales, leaving the standard Valkyrie, which was discontinued after the model year. The F6B is basically a greatly stripped-down version of the 'standard' Gold Wing with most of the chrome trim being 'blacked out', giving the F6B a look that should appeal to many cruiser buyers.
It is affectionately known as the Bagger. The seat is changed for both the passenger and the rider with the most obvious difference being that the passenger no longer has the oversize backrest — a result of the removal of the trunk. The basic design is, otherwise, the same as the full blown Gold Wing except that there is no reverse gear and early models did not have cruise control. For this model is now just called the standard Gold Wing.
Honda Gold Wing
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