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Gaucho literature , also known as gauchesco "gauchoesque" style was a literary movement purporting to use the language of the gauchos , comparable to the American cowboy , and reflecting their mentality. Although earlier works have been identified as gauchoesque, the movement particularly thrived from the s to s in Argentina, Uruguay and south of Brazil after which the movement petered out, although some works continued to be written. Gauchoesque works continue to be read and studied as a significant part of Argentine literary history. The movement arose as writers in those countries developed their understanding of their national identities. This is particularly true of even the most modern Uruguayan literature. With Mark Twain 's attempt to reproduce the dialect of Missouri boys, slaves, "injuns", etc.

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Gauchesca Literature, a literary form invented by writers living in the city of Buenos Aires who recreated the speech characteristics of the gaucho and his octosyllabic verses, although with differences in rhymes and strophic distribution. It appeared toward the end of the eighteenth century in the littoral region of Argentina, in the province of Buenos Aires , and on the plains of Uruguay, and it is considered a literary genre within Argentine letters.

Gauchesca literature was conceived, developed, and endured on the fringes of established Argentine literature; that is, it existed as a parallel literary genre.

It was a dissident literature whose authors were considered rebels pitting the new, popular, and native against the established peninsular and cultured. It continued as marginal literature until its artistic worth was finally recognized in the first quarter of the twentieth century. Gauchesca literature is composed of works written in verse by sophisticated, urban authors.

The protagonist is the historical gaucho, from his appearance during the seventeenth century until his assimilation into sedentary life at the end of the nineteenth century, emphasizing his characteristic as an equestrian peasant without specific occupation.

These works are set in the Pampas and reproduce the unique linguistic features of the gaucho, which include an archaic rural dialect rich in unique comparisons and metaphors. They are very graphic and humorous, and generally employ proverbial sentences, idiolects, and a lack of logical sequence in many parts of the discourse, with a resulting effect of intense laconism.

The thematic repertoire is generally limited to injustice, poverty, the fight against the establishment the local magistrate or justice of peace, the police, the military , life on the Estancia, the horse, and the mate friendship , revealing the particular world and world view of the gaucho. Gauchesca works rely on the cantar opinando singing, but giving an opinion and usually adopt the form of dialogue and autobiographical narrative, and they are designed to attract the sympathy and the adherence of the reader to causes defended by the gaucho.

Hidalgo is credited with consciously selecting the socially marginal gaucho and building around him a literature with a sociopolitical message that the masses could understand.

This poem, together with some of Hidalgo's texts, entered the folkloric oral tradition, which contributed to the idealization or mythicization of the figure of the gaucho.

From that time on, the gaucho is transfigured into an archetype, a symbol of the true Argentine and the Argentine nationality. As such, it can be found in poems, novels, short stories, the theater, and on the radio. Gauchesca literature should be understood as one of the two specifically Spanish-American literary genres, the other being the Afro-Antillean poetry of Puerto Rico and Cuba. Gauchesca literature is unique in its semiconversational, semiliterary intonation obtained by using the octosyllabic verse and by adopting a careless syntax, which is almost always narrated by a person who either evokes old times always arcadian or is furiously propagandistic and critical of the present political times.

Gauchesca is also original because of its nonliterary character, its introduction of rusticity into a cultured literary tradition. Confronted with a literature of illustrious men performing heroic deeds, gauchesca presented antiheroes, poor peasants who were scorned and hopeless.

Finally, gauchesca literature is significant because it represents the first appearance of an indigenous Argentine literary art form.

Richard W. Rodolfo A. Carricaburo, Norma. Buenos Aires: Editorial Dunken, Heredia, Pablo, and Andrea Bocco. Asperos clamores: La literatura gauchesca desde Mayo hacia Caseros. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. May 24, Retrieved May 24, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.

Home Humanities Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps Gauchesca Literature. Gauchesca Literature gale. Gauchesca Literature Gauchesca Literature, a literary form invented by writers living in the city of Buenos Aires who recreated the speech characteristics of the gaucho and his octosyllabic verses, although with differences in rhymes and strophic distribution.

Horacio J. Becco et al. Additional Bibliography Carricaburo, Norma. Angela B. Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. More From encyclopedia. Born: Buenos Aires, 24 August About this article Gauchesca Literature Updated About encyclopedia. Spanish America. Literature: Overview. Zum Felde, Alberto — Czech literature. Gauch, Sigfrid Gaubert Philippe.

Gaubatz, Kathlyn Taylor. Gau, Franz Christian. Gatzone George. GATX Corporation. Gatty, Margaret — Gatty Nicholas Comyn. Gattorno, Rosa Maria Benedetta, Bl. Gatton, Danny. Gattinoni, Fernanda — Gattinara, Mercurino Arborio, marchese di.

Gattinara, Mercurino Arborio di. Gattinara, Mercurino — Gattilusi, Eugenia fl. Gattilusi, Caterina fl. Gaucho Pants. Gauck Commission. Gauck, Joachim. Gaudasinska, Elzbieta —. Gaudentius of Brescia, St. Gaudentius of Gniezno, St. Gauderich of Velletri.

Gaudet, Francine, B. Gaudet, Roger Montcalm. Gaudet, Wayne J. Gaudin, Marc Antoine Augustin. Gaudin-Latrille, Brigitte —. Gaudio, Tony. Gaudron, Mary Genevieve —. Gaudry, Albert Jean.

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By examining the formation of a genre whose origins predated the consolidation of Argentina as a nation-state but that gained significance only after the country's independence, Ludmer elucidates the relationship of literature to the state, as well as the complex positionings of gender within the struggle for independence. This inquiry culminates in the assertion that language, marked as it is by the collisions of high and low culture, constitutes the central issue of Latin American modernization and modernism. Extensive annotation renders this edition of Ludmer's seminal study easily accessible for a North American audience. While teachers and students of Latin American literature and criticism will find it an important resource, it will also interest those concerned with the processes of nation-building or in the complex intersections of dominant and marginal voices. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving….

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Gauchesca Literature

Gauchesca Literature, a literary form invented by writers living in the city of Buenos Aires who recreated the speech characteristics of the gaucho and his octosyllabic verses, although with differences in rhymes and strophic distribution. It appeared toward the end of the eighteenth century in the littoral region of Argentina, in the province of Buenos Aires , and on the plains of Uruguay, and it is considered a literary genre within Argentine letters. Gauchesca literature was conceived, developed, and endured on the fringes of established Argentine literature; that is, it existed as a parallel literary genre. It was a dissident literature whose authors were considered rebels pitting the new, popular, and native against the established peninsular and cultured. It continued as marginal literature until its artistic worth was finally recognized in the first quarter of the twentieth century. Gauchesca literature is composed of works written in verse by sophisticated, urban authors.

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