During the formation of the Czech state not only the arrival of Cyril and Methodius but also the presence of many cultures and religions was important. Judaism was one of them. Based on the extant historical records, the Jews occured in the Czech territory already in the 10th century. There are many sources mentioning arrival of the Jewish inhabitants. One of them is the oldest Bohemian chronicle — Kosmova kronika by Cosmas of Prague. Central page: all about Jewish Prague more click here.
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During the formation of the Czech state not only the arrival of Cyril and Methodius but also the presence of many cultures and religions was important. Judaism was one of them. Based on the extant historical records, the Jews occured in the Czech territory already in the 10th century. There are many sources mentioning arrival of the Jewish inhabitants.
One of them is the oldest Bohemian chronicle — Kosmova kronika by Cosmas of Prague. Central page: all about Jewish Prague more click here. Jewish Life Jews have never been accepted well in general but the acute Jewish situation was caused due to crusades and various anti-semitic religious measures. Jews could have expected some level of protection from the monarchs whose profits were raising as they were levying high taxes from the Jewish inhabitants.
However, the protection was no obligatory duty of the ruler. However, the riots continued and in the Easter of the bloodiest pogrom ever took place in Prague. Three thousands of people were massacred during this bloodshed which in fact covered the entire population of the Prague ghetto.
Discover the most beautiful sights and places of Prague. Discover the real life of Praguers. Enjoy prepared vouchers in guidebooks. This noted monarch was a great lover of the arts, science and education.
He summoned the most important astronomers and alchemists of the contemporary age to his court. This historical period is considered the golden age of the Jewish community in Bohemia because due to these scholars and rabbis the Jewish community was growing rich, the standard of living in the ghetto suddenly encreased and there was an expansion in architecture. Significant personalities At that time, the ghetto was full of significant personalities who had merit in performance of the gems we can still view today.
He was a wealthy man who financed many constructions within the community. There would not be anything strange about this fact, if he had not been conferred an aristocratic title and his own coat of arms in Josephinian Age The social status of the Jews was completely disadvantaged in the mid 18th century. The Empress Maria Theresa expelled the Jews from the whole kingdom. One of the most important reforms was the permission and mainly access to education.
They could also rent land and perform jobs that had been restricted to them before. These new views of the Jewish inhabitants were just the first steps in effort to gain liberation and certain sovereignty. In , they became the full-fledged citizens due to the anchoring of the rights in the constitution which provided the Jewish inhabitants with the basic civil laws and freedom.
It mainly concerned their personal and religious rights and they had a quarantee of freedom of residence and settlement.
Conclusion During the national revival movement fighting for the protection of the Czech language the Jews markedly started to endorse to the Czech nationality, however the revivalists rather considered them Germans. There were numerous speculations concerning the murder of the girl because of a Jewish ritual. The Hilsner Affair ranked among the worst outbursts of antisemitism in our territory of the 19th century. After this incident a strong part of the Jewish community started to endorse to the Czech nationality.
The greatest interference with the lifes of all Jews was caused by WW2 when antisemitism reached its highest point. The Jews had been deported to the annihilation camps , where about eighteen thousands of Czech and Slovak Jews were murdered. Map of the other Jewish Monuments in Prague :. Prague 1 still belongs to one of the most attractive parts of the whole Prague. Probably nowhere else you can find such a concentration of historic monuments and places where the history and romance of bygone times are all around you.
All sights are described with lots of pictures. Click here. Take the traditional route of Czech kings. Discover the most interesting sights of Prague. Everything is described in articles and accompanied by lots of photos. Click here to get on the page of the Royal Route.
The sweetest festival of the year in hotel Pyramida! All the sweets lovers are meeting at 8th April from 12 till 19 pm at hotel Pyramida where the second year of Prague candy festival is held. A cruise is truly one of the most delightful ways to see the beauties on offer in the historical centre of Prague. During the cruise you will get unforgettable views from the deck, refreshing drinks and a fascinating commented tour.
Come with us and explore the real heart of Prague. Do you know the secret of the Old Town Astronomical Clock? Do you know where to find the Prague Meridian and the meaning of the crosses on the paving stones? Click here and explore the Old Town Square on your own! The roof terrace restaurant Coda is open to all lovers of great gastronomy and unique views of the city.
Download Prague tourist guides — Free. Photogallery Prague 2 Petrin Hill Photogallery. History of the Jewish inhabitants in the Czech lands During the formation of the Czech state not only the arrival of Cyril and Methodius but also the presence of many cultures and religions was important.
Central page: all about Jewish Prague more click here Jewish Life Jews have never been accepted well in general but the acute Jewish situation was caused due to crusades and various anti-semitic religious measures.
Pinkasova synagoga: Maiselova synagoga: Traditional Royal Route Take the traditional route of Czech kings. Prague Candy Festival The sweetest festival of the year in hotel Pyramida! Old Town Square Come with us and explore the real heart of Prague. Enjoy a beautiful view of Prague!
2 Law, Revolution, and Representation
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PRAGUE CITY LINE - Your Guide Through Prague
Dumzils discovery of two opposing and complementary faces of the highest power on the one side legal and priestly, kind, benevolent, shining, near to world and people as Mitra , and on the other side magic, violent, threatening, dark, invisible and dis-tant as Varuna gave rise to a lot of research in various Indo-European traditions. Despite the impressive results of such research, the functional place of Slavic Mitra is still open. On the following pages we would like to try to indicate whom, where and how to look for this place. Introduced will be several hypotheses with the aim to show that just this functional place probably created an important and irreplaceable part, maybe one of the key pillars of the ancient Slavic model of the world.