Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review. Disegni dei tempi. Il "Liber Figurarum" e la teologia figurativa di Gioacchino da Fiore. By Marco Rainini. In Monsignor Leone Tondelli discovered a peculiar book of illuminations in a closet in the seminary at Reggio Emilia, and in , Fritz Saxl drew attention to a similar manuscript in Corpus Christi College, Oxford.
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In relation to what Joachim wrote in Expositio super Apocalypsim on his own understanding of St. Being Joachim a contemplative monk who consecrated his life to the comprehension of the divine plan and who brought to light extremely profound aspects of such plan, whom could he ever thank for such capacity and skill, if not the heavenly Providence itself?
The so called historical materialism has not only dumped whatever has to do with transcendence, labelling it superstructure , but on top it came to build up a mental cage after another in which the real meaning of the spiritual intuition came to be completely forgotten.
Now, was Crocco a materialist scholar or not, what I am talking about here is something that has literally overwhelmed the western culture since quite a long time, together with its universities, its press and whatever such culture allowed standing. We can depict such mentality as the infernal city of Dis which, especially during the Sixties and the Seventies, raised his walls against any traditional and spiritual knowledge while its defenders stood proud on top claiming to be able to show mystics and prophets all of their mistakes and naivety!
I would find all of these things of no importance, if I did not know that such materialist and anti-spiritual attitude is now more alive and widespread than ever. I shall return further on this, when it comes to talk about the idea of destiny and Grace according to Dante Alighieri. Although legends can be quite misleading and fascinate us with captivating but false plots, as Crocco holds, notwithstanding they often hide meaningful sides of the medieval intellectual life and, if we dig in the right direction, they can lead us to a deeper knowledge of the Middle Ages which is to be considered, despite all of its controversies and oddities , the last European traditional age.
Despite of this, it is a fact that the Lombard-Parisian Scholar , considered one of the founders of Scholastic philosophy , and the Calabrese abbot devoted their lives to completely different kinds of theological researches. Peter committed himself in clarifying the Catholic dogmas and rituals , especially in favour of the new generation clergy, while Joachim , who often kept himself far from any institutional environments, attempted an overview of the two Testaments with a particular concentration on St.
Bonaventure from Bagnoregio. According to Crocco , the two images should be interpreted as an allusion to a renewed and purified clergy and, at a higher level, to the Universalis Sanctus Pontifex long expected by the spiritualists throughout the 13 th century which was finally, although only temporarily, personified by Celestine V. A further fascinating and well-founded interpretation by Crocco is the one concerning Beatrice seen as the Ecclesia spiritualis , the bride waiting for the Christ-groom.
Such symbolism can be found in both Gospels and St. This also seems the reason why Beatrice can clearly explain the very beginning of the transcendental world and how Angels themselves were born:. But how can Beatrice-Upper sou l know all of these things? How was she allowed to know about super-rational mysteries such as the Divine Fullness and the birth of the Angelical Intellects? It actually depicts three circles symmetrically put next to each other containing four capital letters which should be a Latin version of the Jewish Tetragrammaton.
Crocco highlights that, on his turn, Joachim could have taken inspiration for his picture from Pedro Alphonsi, a Jew converted to Catholicism. However, it is a matter of fact that the reflection on the nature of soul and the impossibility for the common Logic to explain the highest havens a spiritual soul can reach affected the whole Middle Ages intellectual life.
Vai al contenuto Liber Figurarum , tav. If we really focus on such mentality, we can clearly realize what an absurdity it has been. And therefore by illuminating Grace, and by their merit, was their sight so raised, that now a full and steadfast will is theirs.
XXX, Translation Courtney Langdon. XXIX, 10, IX, II, XXIX, Share this: Twitter Facebook. Mi piace: Mi piace Caricamento Pubblica su Annulla. Privacy e cookie: Questo sito utilizza cookie. Per ulteriori informazioni, anche sul controllo dei cookie, leggi qui: Informativa sui cookie.
The Liber Figurarum is the most beautiful and important collection of the figural and symbolic theology of the Middle Ages. The "Figurae", conceived and drawn by Joachim of Fiore in different epochs, were collected in the Liber Figurarum soon after Joachim's death in The complex and original prophetic thought of the Florensis Abbot, is perfectly illustrated in the figurae. It is based on the Trinitarian theology of history and on the concordist exegesis of the Bible. This masterpiece is well preserved into three wonderful codices: the Oxford codex, the Reggio Emilia codex and the Dresden codex. The oldest manuscript is that of Oxford, produced between and , by the Officina Scriptoria of a Calabrian monastery, probably the Abbey of San Giovanni in Fiore. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.
The Mirror of Mistery. The Tables of Joachim of Fiore'S Liber Figurarum