Las evaluaciones personalizadas son necesarias. A global response to a global problem: the epidemic of overnutrition. Bull World Health Organ. Caballero B. A nutrition paradox — underweight and obesity in developing countries. N Engl J Med.
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Both nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics are disciplines that form part of what is known as Nutritional Genomics, which, in the widest sense, provides the framework for integrating different omics with food and nutrition sciences.
After decades of nutrigenetic and nutrigenomic studies, there is a large enough amount of knowledge to consider its application in so-called precision nutrition. This new discipline seeks to take into account the particular characteristics of the individual in order to provide the best diet for preventing or treating a disease.
Omic markers are considered to be of importance to that personalization. There are many foods, nutrients and dietary patterns that have been researched in nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics, including the Mediterranean Diet pattern. Despite heterogeneity in defining the Mediterranean Diet, there are various studies that show that the Mediterranean Diet can interact with the genome, so reducing the risk of disease in the most genetically susceptible individuals.
Likewise, several studies have recently been revealing the mechanisms through which the Mediterranean Diet may exercise this protective effect. Understanding genetic susceptibility, epigenetic mechanisms, the influence of the metabolome and other omics in more detail may be important in gastronomy, understood as the practice of selecting, cooking and eating food. This omic influence can not only be found in health-disease phenotypes, but also in food taste and smell perception and preferences for certain dishes.
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Fenech M, et al. J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics. Epub May Nutr Hosp. PMID: Review. Nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics. Farhud D, et al. Iran J Public Health. Epub Dec Ferguson LR, et al. PMID: Show more similar articles See all similar articles. Publication types Review Actions. Food Technology Actions. Humans Actions. Copy Download.
[Nutrigenetics, Nutrigenomics and Mediterranean Diet: A New Vision for Gastronomy]
The aim of this course in providing a student with a thorough grounding in the basics of human genetics. The student will acquire advanced knowledge about the organization of nuclear and mitochondrial genomes and about DNA variability. Additionally, the student will learn the classical concepts of inheritance transmission patterns, the principles of genetic characterization and multifactorial traits and diseases. A special focus of the course will be given on the interaction of genes and environment in the complex biological systems of the human body under normal conditions and diseases: at the end of the course, students will be able to understand how common food ingredients affect health by altering the expression of genes, and how nutrients interact with the genome. Last, the course will be conducted through an experimental approach to develop the scientific methodology, skills that will increase the student abilities in clinical decisions and problem solving. The objective of the course is to enable the learners to acquire the biological and molecular knowledge in order to understand gene-nutrition interaction.
Nutrición: Nutrigenética y Nutrigenómica